The eDisciple

A weekly teaching email with insight into the stories and teachings of the Master.
On the night He was betrayed, Yeshua asked “that the hour might pass Him by.” How could the Master suppose that it might be possible for God to change the plan?
The Cup of SufferingThe cup over which Yeshua prayed contained the suffering of a great trial and torturous death. (Image © Bigstock)

The Cup of Suffering

The Master knelt to pray, but under the angst that weighed on His righteous soul, He “fell to the ground and began to pray that if it were possible, the hour might pass Him by” (Mark 14:35. He prayed regarding the “hour” of His suffering, the hour of the great apocalyptic clash between the kingdom of heaven and the kingdom of darkness. He prayed regarding the cup He must drink. He cried out, “Abba! Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me” (Matthew 26:39).

The biblical prophets often spoke of God’s judgment, punishment, and wrath as the contents of a cup that must be consumed. The Master was not under God’s wrath, but He drank of God’s wrath on behalf of others. The cup over which Yeshua prayed contained the suffering of a great trial and torturous death. He spoke of the same cup when He asked James and John, “Are you able to drink the cup that I drink?” (Mark 10:38). Only a few hours earlier, He told His disciples, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood” (Luke 22:20).

Yeshua said, “If it is possible, let this cup pass from Me,” and He prayed, “Abba! Father! All things are possible for You; remove this cup from Me” (Mark 14:36). Yeshua’s prayers in Gethsemane were consistent with the model of prayer He taught His disciples. He told them to pray persistently, with simple faith, appealing to God’s goodness, and pleading with Him not to lead them into trial. The biblical heroes did not hesitate to ask God to change His mind. Abraham negotiated for Sodom. Moses often interceded to change the LORD’s mind about destroying the generation in the wilderness. He pleaded with God to change His mind about barring Him from the Promised Land. The biblical prophets frequently beseeched God to reverse a difficult judgment against Israel. King Hezekiah implored God to reverse His will about his impending death.

Yeshua knew that “all things are possible” for God, and if all things are possible, then it was possible that He might allow Him to forego the suffering. He prayed, “Father, if You are willing, remove this cup from Me” (Luke 22:42).

Is anything too difficult for the LORD? Nothing will be impossible with God. Nevertheless, Yeshua conceded, “Not what I will, but what you will” (Mark 14:36).Yeshua desired to forego the dreadful trial ahead of Him, but, as He told the disciples only hours earlier, “I love the Father; I do exactly as the Father commanded me” (John 14:31).

The eDisciple

A weekly teaching email with insight into the stories and teachings of the Master.

The Messiah (one anointed with oil) prayed in an olive grove at a place called Olive Press on a hill called Mount of Olives. He felt intense pressure like an olive in an olive press.
Pressed in GethsemaneAncient olive trees in the Garden of Gethsemane at the foot of the Mount of Olives. (Image © Bigstock/kavram)

Pressed in Gethsemane

Yeshua concluded His seder and farewell discourse in the upper room of a house in Jerusalem’s upper city. He went out “as was His custom to the Mount of Olives; and the disciples also followed Him.” They did not return to Bethany that night because the Torah required those keeping Passover to remain in Jerusalem on the night of their seder. In those days, many Passover pilgrims camped on the face of the Mount of Olives. It was our Master’s custom to stay at a particular spot on the Mount of Olives during the pilgrimage festivals. “Yeshua had often met there with His disciples” (John 18:2).

The Mount of Olives is a two-and-a-half-mile spur of mountainous ridge running parallel to Jerusalem’s eastern wall line, separated from the city by the deep ravine of the Kidron Valley. The Mount of Olives plays an important part in messianic prophecy. According to the prophecies of Ezekiel, the Shechinah departs and enters from Jerusalem by means of “the mountain which is east of the city.” In the future, the Messiah will appear on the Mount of Olives to rescue Jerusalem: “In that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem on the east” (Zechariah 14:4).

The Sages of the Mishnah called the Mount of Olives “The Mount of Anointing (Har HaMeshichah, הר המשחה).” The messianic expectation associated with the mountain explains why devout Jews of Jerusalem favor the slopes of the Mount of Olives for burial. The resurrection of the dead will start there.Today, tombs cover the much of the western face of the mountain, but in the days of the Master, trees covered the slopes.

The Master and His disciples pitched their camp in a grove of olive trees near the foot of the mount and the Kidron valley. The grove was calledGat Shamnei (גת שמני), which means “Olive Press.” An olive press probably stood within a cave in the midst of the grove, and the disciples camped in the cave.

The name of the location hints toward the meaning of the events that took place there that night. One cannot overlook the convergence of symbolism when the Mashiach (Anointed One) prays in the midst of an olive grove, in a place called the “Olive Press,” on the slopes of the hill of messianic expectation called the “Mount of Anointing.”

In the days of the Master, the owner of the grove procured olive oil from his olives by crushing them into a mash in a stone mill and then pressing them under the intense weight of a beam-press to force the oil out. The olive imagery suggests the rite of anointing whereby the title mashiach(“anointed one,” משיח) is derived. As the Master prayed that night, he came under an intense pressure that can be compared to what an olive in an olive press must feel. He said, “My soul is deeply grieved to the point of death” (Mark 14:34). Luke 22:44 relates, “And being in agony He was praying very fervently; and His sweat became like drops of blood, falling down upon the ground.”